Guide to EVs
Electric vehicles appeared to many as a futuristic and unaffordable concept just a couple of decades ago, which leads many to believe that the invention of electric vehicles is a relatively recent one. However, you need to go much further back to find the year the first electric car was made. Technically, that year is 1884, when Thomas Parker took the rechargeable lead-acid battery (invented by Gaston Plane) and the electric motor design (invented by Anyos Jedlik) and applied it to a carriage, thus creating the first electric vehicle.
Electric vehicles weren't sustainable at this time, though, as it was simply cheaper to build and run internal combustion engine cars. It's only now, over 130 years later, that we can see the damaging effect that petrol/diesel cars have had on the environment, and how important it is to take action to prevent further damage. Fortunately, as these issues have arisen, electric vehicle technology has developed dramatically. This has led to electric vehicles not only being readily available to a wider range of consumers, but they are more affordable than ever too.
The government has also recognised this, and placed a ban on the sale of petrol/diesel vehicles from 2030 onwards - a move which will help reduce the negative impact the vehicle industry has on the environment. We also recognise the damaging effects of the car industry and have ensured that, as a company, Vavoom is climate positive. For those who would like to drive an electric vehicle, we can offer various EV leasing options from brands such as Polestar, Audi and BMW. Currently based in Cheadle, we also supply the surrounding areas of Manchester, Liverpool, Birmingham and even nationwide.
What is an electric vehicle?
One of the fundamentals of leasing an electric vehicle is understanding exactly what it is and what you can expect from one. Driving a hybrid vehicle, which is part electric, part petrol/diesel, will provide a different experience to driving an all-electric car. For example, if you're leasing an EV, you'll need to ensure it's sufficiently charged to allow you to complete your journey, whereas, with hybrid vehicles, you'll be able to utilise both the electric motor and the petrol engine.
All-electric vehicles are powered by an electric motor and will need to be charged in order to run. The process works by first plugging the vehicle into a charging point. This will supply the batteries with power, which will be stored until it is needed. Once the driver starts the vehicle and begins to accelerate, the power from the batteries is supplied to the motor, which then moves the wheels. As this power is being stored in the batteries and can be accessed instantaneously, EV's are often quicker at accelerating than petrol/diesel cars. Also, as there is no combustion taking place inside the motor (as there would be with petrol/diesel engines), electric vehicles are much quieter on the roads.
Electric cars offer a very different driving experience to petrol cars - as not only do they accelerate fast from being in a stationary position, but most of them don't have a gear stick as they are fully automatic. This means no gear changes are required; simply accelerate and the car engages its gear. EV's don't need a gearbox and clutch as they are unable to stall in the same way as petrol/diesel cars. The clutch is the part of the engine which connects two different moving parts (of the engine) and transfers torque. Without it, a combustion engine simply wouldn't work, as electric motors don't feature any of these components, and EVs are able to be driven without one.
Electric vehicle technology has been taken to new heights by Tesla, predominantly, as they have committed several resources into the research of lithium-ion batteries. This has meant that the company has been able to manufacture vehicles with greater battery capacity, range and performance, all whilst making EVs more affordable. The company's marketing strategies have also normalised the concept of owning a plug-in electric vehicle, putting it within the budget of more consumers. Because of this, Tesla has become one of, if not, the biggest, names in the electric vehicle industry, and show no signs of shrinking as they continue to push the boundaries of EV technology.
The patents, which Tesla have developed, have even been made readily accessible, as announced by CEO, Elon Musk, in an attempt to help other manufacturers in their development of electric vehicles. By doing this, the quality and performance of future electric vehicles will improve as a result, making them even more attractive to consumers who want to cut running costs, as well as reduce their impact on the environment.
What are the benefits of an electric vehicle?
There are many benefits to leasing an electric vehicle, hence why they have become so popular in recent years. One of the main USPs of EVs, and the main reason why so many manufacturers are producing electric vehicles, is that they are far more environmentally-friendly than petrol/diesel cars. Global warming is also at a critical stage, which has led more people to think about the changes that they can make to help the environment. An electric vehicle is an excellent option, as it allows you to travel just as much as you would in a petrol car, but with far less impact on the environment.
Due to efficient electric motor technology which powers the car, it costs much less to charge an EV than it would to fill up a petrol car with fuel. These cheaper running costs for electric vehicles are another huge bonus when leasing an EV. The time it takes to charge an electric car has also decreased massively, even in the last few years, as electric vehicle technology has advanced. This is a factor that may previously have been a sticking point for those looking to lease an EV, as the ability to simply pull up, refuel and drive away again wasn’t originally possible with an EV. However, with a growing number of electric charging stations located at numerous points around the UK, EV drivers can now pull up, plugin and grab a coffee whilst their vehicle receives a power boost. There are EV's, such as the Tesla Model S (which has the longest range of any EV), which will allow you to complete a long-distance journey on a single charge. This driving range isn't the same for all EV's, though, so a quick pit stop may be required.
Not only do EVs allow you to save money through running costs, they also emit no tailpipe emissions, which makes them exempt from road tax. This is due to road tax being based on carbon emissions, meaning all-electric vehicle owners/drivers won't have to pay road tax, however, hybrid vehicle owners/drivers will. Some areas which have a congestion charge won't apply to EVs either, allowing them to pass through freely without an additional cost. The government also offers grants to help put more people in low-emission vehicles, and ensure that it's affordable. The scheme allows drivers to get a grant of up to 35% (on eligible vehicles) of the total cost, with a price cap that again depends on the type of vehicle.
Electric vehicles are also less likely to amount to large maintenance costs due to them having fewer moving parts, and are therefore less likely to suffer an issue that would require you to check into a garage. One of the most difficult aspects of owning a standard petrol/diesel vehicle is that an internal issue could occur out of the blue, forcing you to fork out for repairs. Whilst repairs may still be required for an EV, it is less likely to happen or be as critical if it does. Electric motors have been designed to have an exceptionally long life, with Elon Musk himself stating that the Tesla Model 3 battery modules "should last 300k to 500k miles".
Typically, most EVs have more space than standard petrol/diesel cars too, as their electric motors can be stored in a more compact space than combustion engines. In the case of Teslas and some other models, the electric motor is located on the floor of the car, which not only frees up front and back storage space, it also reduces the chances of the car rolling over upon impact. This makes EVs a great family car, as they can store large amounts of luggage, accommodate more passengers (in some models, such as the Tesla Model X) and are extremely safe.
Some EVs, such as (all new) Teslas, feature stunning technology, which allows the car to self-drive, self-park and even self-summon, enabling the vehicle to come to you. Each vehicle is fitted with a series of sensors and cameras that allow the vehicle to build up an image of its surroundings and navigate them safely. The ‘Autopilot’ feature allows drivers to sit back and let the vehicle safely take them to their destination, however, they are required to be on standby should they need to take control. The self-park and summon feature allows you to pull up to the supermarket, exit the vehicle and begin your shopping whilst your Tesla parks itself. There's no need to know where it's parked either as the summon feature means the vehicle will leave its parking spot and drive to the point from which you summoned it.
To buy outright, electric vehicles may cost more than petrol/diesel vehicles, even with a government grant. At Vavoom, we understand that this can put EV's out of some people's budgets and is one of the reasons why we offer electric vehicle car leasing options. Our electric vehicle leasing options break down the barrier of large upfront costs which would otherwise put these vehicles out of reach and replace them with affordable monthly costs that suit you.
Which manufacturers produce electric vehicles?
Whilst Tesla seem to have somewhat stolen the limelight from other manufacturers of electric vehicles - partly due to their vehicles’ incredible features, and partly due to futuristic concepts such as the Cybertruck - they are not the only manufacturer producing high-quality EVs. Polestar, BMW, Audi, Volkswagen and more are all in the EV market.
Polestar, a brand which was established by Volvo, is a popular electric car manufacturer and currently has the Polestar 1 to its name. The EV is able to travel 77 miles on a single charge and produce 609hp. All of this power is packed into a stunning design that is both modern and capable. The Polestar 1 also has a stunning array of features including driver voice control, voice steered climate control and a touch screen that allows for master control.
The BMW iX SUV, which is set to be released in November 2021, will feature flagship technology and two electric motors which will be able to kick out around 500bhp. The EV will also be able to achieve 0-60 in less than five seconds and travel for 373 miles on a single charge. The iX is also extremely spacious with an interior that is made from recycled plastics and a new microfibre fabric that has been used for the seating.
Audi has also produced an e-tron range that encompasses the GT, Q4 and e-tron Sportback. The GT e-tron range comes as an addition to Audi's sport range and boasts incredible power. The e-tron GT can achieve 0-60 in 4.2 seconds, whilst the RS e-tron GT can complete this in just 3.3 seconds. The Q4 e-tron is an SUV, which can travel 316 miles and can be recharged to 80% in only 40 minutes, making it perfect for a quick pit stop on a long journey.
There are plenty of other manufacturers who are producing top of the range electric cars which may be suitable for you. To explore which vehicles we offer leasing deals on, discover our full range of manufacturers and the models we offer on our website. You can learn about the features and technical data of each vehicle we have available. Once you find a vehicle you like, simply call us on 0344 264 4177 to enquire - we're always happy to chat. We’re located in Cheadle, meaning we’re able to service the local areas of Stockport, Cheshire and Manchester, as well as nationwide.
Why should I get an EV?
There are many reasons someone may choose an EV over other types of vehicle, primarily due to the huge range of benefits offered by EVs. There are no rules when it comes to leasing your desired vehicle, and you should simply choose the vehicle that you would like, and then we'll set up a lease agreement for you. If you're looking for factors to sway you towards choosing an EV, the lower impact that they have on the environment is one of the key factors. Electric cars are undoubtedly the future of the car industry thanks to this very reason - they're far less harmful to the environment.
If you're conscious about reducing your carbon footprint and want to help the environment in any way you can, driving an electric vehicle is one great way to do that. This is especially prominent if you drive many miles a day, every day, as you're able to prevent releasing harmful emissions, simply by driving a vehicle with an electric motor. Swapping a combustion engine car for an EV is much more feasible in this day and age, as electric vehicles are much cheaper to run now than they ever have been.
We understand that many petrol/diesel car drivers have reservations about opting for an electric vehicle, as they don't think it will be able to perform as well as a petrol car. A decade ago, this may have been a valid assumption, but the technology in electric vehicles has come a long way since then. Electric vehicles are now able to travel much longer distances on a single charge. There can also be the worry amongst drivers that the car will run out of charge whilst on long journeys, and that they can't be recharged as quickly as it would take to fill a car up with petrol, or that there would be no garages which offer electric vehicle charging options. Again, this is an outdated view now - as the world is adapting much quicker to electric vehicles on our roads, and you can find charging stations across the UK.
There are now over 25,000 electric charging stations located around the world (and that's just Tesla’s Superchargers!), meaning that there are now far more opportunities to give your car the power boost it needs, whilst on long journeys. The speed at which electric vehicles can be charged has also increased dramatically over the years, with rapid charging points available to charge some EV's batteries to 80% in approximately one hour. The reason why this charges the batteries to only 80% is that after this point, the batteries charge much slower to protect them from high temperatures. By using these points, you're still able to get several miles out of your electric vehicle before you'll need to charge it again, all whilst enjoying a brief pit stop.
Charging your EV doesn't have to be a hurdle, instead, it should be seen as a bonus that you don't have to pay expensive petrol prices. You can save money by using electric power which is both cheaper and does less harm to the environment. Also, by having an electric charging point installed at your home, you're able to charge your EV overnight, ensuring it's fully charged for when you need it the next day. This also means you don't have to rely on charging points at garages and can reduce the amount of anxiety you may face when your vehicle is running low on charge.
Another key reason why EV's have become so popular is that the modern technology within them makes life far easier - made possible by the increased amount of space inside the vehicle. This is possible due to the electric motor technology, which sits at the bottom of the car, freeing up additional cabin and boot space. This makes larger electric vehicles ideal for families, with models - such as the Tesla Model X -, able to accommodate up to seven passengers.
The modern technology which features in the interior also makes car journeys far more fun. Using the Model X as an example, there is a 17" cinematic display built-in, which allows passengers to watch movies and play games. The screen also allows you to control multiple features inside the car too, such as air conditioning - helping you to easily regulate a cool temperature inside the vehicle on a hot day. The 22-speaker audio system offers noise cancelling to block out the sound of the road, which improves the listening experience of your favourite music whilst on road trips.
Whilst all of these features may be enough to entice you into choosing an EV, the price of the vehicle may deter you. However, at Vavoom, we aim to deliver affordable leasing solutions that allow you to get the car of your dreams, at a very competitive OTR cost and/or monthly rental. This means that large costs (if you were to buy the car outright) no longer form a barrier between you and your desired vehicle. Instead, we can put you in the newest EVs for a series of affordable monthly payments. Through our website, you're able to tailor the lease details to suit you, with the ability to choose the length of both the initial rental period and the contract length.
How do I charge my EV?
Knowing how and where to charge your EV is an extremely important part of being an electric vehicle driver. Understanding how you plan to do this is key to ensuring the journey of driving an electric car runs smoothly. Typically, there are three places an electric car user will be able to charge their EV and those are at home, at work or at public stations. Utilising these different options effectively will allow you to get the most out of your EV.
The amount of time spent at each of these points and the amount of power your EV will receive from these points won't be balanced. In fact, it's likely that your home charging point will account for most of the charging, with workplace charging in second and public charging stations the place where you'll be charging your EV for the least amount of time. This is why it's important to have a home charging station that you know how to use and is located in a position that allows you to safely park your vehicle every night and hook it up to a charging point.
Our electric charging station partner, Project EV, can provide these stations to customers who have an electric vehicle and need a way of charging their car at home. The cost of having one of these charging stations installed at your home can be a hurdle for some, but with the government's OLEV grant, you're able to receive a grant of up to £350, which covers 75% of the installation costs of a new charging station. This allows more EV owners to install a place to charge their vehicle, at their home, and benefit from being able to fully charge their vehicle overnight.
Charging your electric vehicle can also be done in a couple of ways using different currents of electricity: AC and DC. AC chargers are one of the most popular options as, typically, 80% of EV charging is done at home. Choosing an AC charging station will allow you to safely charge your EV for long periods of time without putting a large strain on your electricity bill. The other option, however, is DC charging, which is much faster but generally used in short bursts. DC charging is able to charge your EV up to 80% in approximately one hour, making it better for 'top-ups' rather than lengthy charging sessions.
As an EV user, you'll find that each of these three points come in very handy for charging your EV in different scenarios. Of course, this relies on there being an EV charging station at your workplace - for example - but you'll still be able to utilise your home station and public charging points, for effective use of your electric vehicle. There may be times when charging your EV at home won't allow you to fully complete your journey and you may need to top up through the use of these public stations. The reality is, it can take longer to charge your EV to a substantial level (a factor that is balanced out by a lower cost), so it's important to set time aside for this during journeys.
Using these public charging points is not too dissimilar to using a petrol pump. You simply park up, plug your car into the charging station and wait for it to charge to your desired level. Using these can not only help you complete your journey due to a charge boost, but they can also help reduce the worry that you'll run out of charge at a critical moment, allowing you to top up for peace of mind. There are a growing number of new charging stations too, with around 7,000 currently in the UK and 200 more being added each month.
Understanding charging costs
It's common knowledge that charging your EV is generally cheaper than fuel costs can amount to, but just like a combustion engine vehicle, different capacities will take different lengths of time to fill. A petrol car with a large engine will cost considerably more to fill up completely than a smaller car with a small engine would. The same applies to electric vehicles with large batteries - these will take longer to charge to full capacity than vehicles with smaller batteries.
It's important to understand how your battery works to get a grasp on how long and how much it will cost to reach full capacity. The capacity of the battery can be measured using kilowatt-hours (kWh), and this is a measurement of the energy storage available in the battery cells. There is no correlation between car size and battery size, which is why it's important to research which battery your car has first, rather than making an assumption.
You can use this measurement of kilowatt-hours to work out how much you will need to pay to charge your vehicle in different locations. For example, to work out the cost of charging your vehicle at home, you'll need to find out how much you pay for electricity in your household. There are different tariffs available (24-hour, daytime and nighttime), so if you find charging your vehicle at home is more expensive than you expected, it may be worth exploring different tariffs to see if you can get a lower cost per kWh. Once you know the cost of your electricity and the capacity of your battery, you will be able to use this equation to work out the cost; Size of battery (kWh) x Electricity cost of your supplier (pence per kilowatt-hour) = Cost to charge an electric car from empty to full.
Are electric vehicles the future?
Based on what we know today, rules which are set to come in place, and the state of global warming, it’s safe to say that electric vehicles are firmly at the forefront of transport in the future. Once the government bans the production of petrol and diesel vehicles in 2030, which has already been brought forward from 2035, vehicle manufacturers will only be able to produce vehicles that produce zero emissions. With the rate the electric vehicle technology has advanced, there’s even the possibility that electric vehicles in the future could offer more benefits, in terms of cost in fuel to distance travelled, than petrol/diesel cars ever did.
Continued investment into research and development of lithium-ion batteries from companies such as Tesla, means that the advancements of electric vehicle technology are showing no signs of slowing down. This also means that the cost of electric vehicles is likely to fall, as companies find cheaper ways of producing the components to build EVs. If this is the case, this will bridge the gap between customers who can’t afford electric vehicles, as there are often petrol/diesel vehicles that are less expensive. However, this is an issue which we aim to solve by providing great value lease deals for all fuel types including electric vehicles, which can help make the concept of owning an electric vehicle a reality for a lot of clients.
Another aspect of owning an electric vehicle which some may view as a hurdle is the charging of it. Of course, when you have a petrol/diesel vehicle, you can roll up to a petrol station, fill your car to maximum capacity and leave, all within the space of about 5 minutes. With electric vehicles, this isn’t the case, however, with the availability of DC fast chargers, the time EV drivers have to wait for their vehicle to be charged has been dramatically reduced. DC chargers are able to charge an EV’s battery to around 80% in less than an hour. These DC fast chargers are often used at public charging points, due to their speed, which allows drivers to stop and get a boost of power whilst on a journey.
The number of these points is growing too. As the number of electric vehicles on the road increases and the demand also grows, more EV manufacturers are investing in more public charging stations. One example of this is Tesla, who are continually increasing the number of charging points available on the road for their customers. This can be a huge incentive for those looking to get an electric vehicle and help quash some of the worries that they would struggle to charge their EV.
In addition to this, there is also the option of AC (alternating current) charging, which often comes from a charging point that has been installed at home or the workplace. This form of charging is able to fully charge the vehicle but does take longer, due to the alternating current required to be converted into direct current, via the vehicle onboard converter, in order to charge the batteries. An EV’s batteries can only be charged using direct current, which is why the converter is required, as power supplied directly from the grid is always alternating current.
For various cost reasons and of course, the fact that AC chargers can fully charge your electric vehicle, these are most common to have installed at home. This allows you to charge your vehicle overnight, ready for the next day. By doing this, you’re also able to avoid certain tariffs due to not using power from the grid at peak times. In contrast to petrol/diesel cars, this can eradicate the need for a last-minute trip to the petrol station on the way to work because you’re low on fuel. This method of charging will also prove more cost-effective, as EV’s have been proven to provide a more economical approach to powering a vehicle than petrol/diesel.
Not only is cheaper running of vehicles a huge bonus of an electric vehicle as technology advances, but the electric vehicles which are produced in the future will also most definitely have some amazing technology. There are features in EVs today, (again, Tesla are a great example) such as self-driving, summon features and enhanced safety features that can detect which lane you’re driving in and how close you are to other vehicles. When production began on the Roadster in 2008, electric car technology wasn’t widely popular and was costly when compared with petrol/diesel vehicles. Fast-forward just 13 years and Tesla has multiple models, each packed with stunning features. Based on this trajectory, we could see some incredible developments in technology that make electric vehicles even more spectacular.
The history of electric vehicles
Although the history of electric vehicles can be traced all the way back to 1884, the electric vehicles that we know today are extremely different. The journey of EVs since that time has also been a rocky one, with various brands attempting to find a way of producing electric vehicles which delivered real benefits whilst being affordable. Soon after its creation, electric vehicles gained popularity in the early 1900s and were said to have been a popular choice of vehicle in American cities. However, their popularity didn’t last and it was widely believed that the success of EVs at this time was due to issues with combustion engine cars, rather than the benefits provided by EVs.
This led to combustion cars coming back out on top as they were able to offer better distance and speed when compared with EVs at the time. Prices of combustion engine vehicles also fell, making them the cheaper option. This led to EVs being viewed as outcasts, as other than their low-emission qualities, they had little to offer. This meant that not many new EVs were produced as there were no manufacturers working on electric vehicle technology. Skip forward a few decades to 1972, when BMW created an electric version of their BMW 1602e model, which was used at the Munich Olympic Games as a support vehicle, and there looked to be a revival of electric vehicles on the horizon.
The turning point
Changes in environmental laws led car manufacturers to begin looking into electric vehicle technology again, in an attempt to find a more sustainable way of making vehicles. As electric motor technology had somewhat already been explored, for many manufacturers this was a great place to start and in 1996, General Motors released their entry into the EV market in the form of the EV1. This didn’t last, however, and production was cancelled 7 years later.
It was around the time of the EV1 that hybrid technology became popular as it proved the ideal bridge to the gap between combustion engines and electric motors. By producing vehicles that had both an engine and a motor, the vehicle could still benefit from the distance/power provided by the combustion engine whilst also utilising the electric motor, therefore reducing the amount of emissions the car would produce. The first hybrid vehicle to be mass-produced was the Toyota Prius, which was a roaring success. The hybrid was released at just the right time, when fuel prices were beginning to reach levels they never had before, leading customers to choose the Prius in an attempt to cut fuel costs.
Honda followed suit with the Insight and later with the Civic, which paved the way for many other brands to begin developing hybrid vehicles too. At this stage, hybrids were more popular than electric vehicles, due to the benefits of a combustion engine. As EV charging technology was also far behind the level it’s at today, there was the issue of how the everyday consumer would charge their EV and the length of time it would take. Hybrids vehicles of this time were charged by the gas motor and the motion of driving. This eradicated the need for charging points and cut fuel costs, as drivers could rely on the electric motor to help reduce fuel consumption.
Of course, this brings us back round to Tesla, and although their Roadster model wasn’t widely sold as a vehicle for all consumers, they followed up with the Model S in 2012. It could be said that the Model S marked a new era and it was much closer to the expectations of consumers, in terms of the capabilities of the technology involved to justify choosing an EV over a combustion engine. This also proved that companies (Tesla specifically) could produce electric vehicles that didn’t need to be a hybrid between combustion and electric motors.
There are now multiple all-electric models available on the market from the likes of Nissan with their Leaf Model, BMW with the i3 and Renault with the Zoe. This shows just how far electric vehicle technology has come, with each of these vehicles not only more affordable thanks to technological advances, but also able to offer far better mile to charge ratios than ever before. Of course, at Vavoom, we’ve got deals on each of these models and more, to help you get the electric car of your dreams. Whether you’d like one of the models mentioned or another model that you have in mind, you can browse our best deals on our website. If you have any questions about our deals of the EVs we have available, please call us on 0344 264 4177 or email us at email@example.com with your message. As we’re based in Cheadle, we’re able to service customers both locally in the surrounding areas of Manchester, Liverpool and Birmingham, and nationwide, in cities such as Southampton, Leeds and London.
How long will electric cars last?
Electric car technology, whilst incredibly resilient to wear and tear, unfortunately, doesn’t last forever. This means that there is a life span on the components of your electric vehicle, namely the battery - but it’s not necessarily something you need to worry about. The lifespan of the battery pack included in the vehicle will vary depending on the model and make, but as a rough estimate, EV batteries are expected to last for around 200,000 miles. This is a long life span and not something that you will need to take into account when you’re leasing a vehicle from us.
This is one of the key benefits of leasing an EV, as you can avoid any worries about battery replacements or depreciation. Once your lease ends, you can simply return the vehicle and choose a lease deal on a brand new vehicle with no burden of trying to sell the now depreciated car. The life span of these batteries isn’t something that’s going to be an issue during your lease term, however, it’s important to note that the batteries do become less effective as time goes on.
The capacity of the batteries is measured in Kilowatt-hours (kWh), which can be equated to litres in a tank. If a combustion engine vehicle has a large tank, it can travel further as a result of having a full tank. The same can be applied here, meaning that a car with a battery that has a higher number of kilowatt-hours can travel further, as a result of having a fully charged battery. The way it works, in terms of power consumption, is also the opposite of petrol/diesel vehicles.
When driving a petrol car, the engine consumes less fuel when it’s being driven at a consistent speed, on a motorway, for example, and consumes more fuel when it’s being regularly stopped and started again. This is because more fuel is required to move the vehicle from a stationary position than it is to keep the car moving at a steady speed. Electric vehicles, on the other hand, use more power when driving at this sustained speed and reserve more power when stopping and starting regularly. This makes EVs ideal for city use, as the energy consumption won’t be affected by the regular stopping at junctions and red lights.
The batteries themselves can deplete over time, just like other batteries you’ll be familiar with, such as iPhone batteries. If you buy an iPhone, it’s likely that a few years down the line, the battery will have depleted and may only be able to hold around 80% of its previous capacity. The rate of depletion will vary depending on the model, with the Tesla Model S supposedly only depleting around 5% over the first 50,000 miles. From this point on, it’s understood that the rate at which the battery depletes actually slows down.
Heat can have a huge impact on batteries too, as it’s a big issue when faced with the workings of a lithium-ion battery. This means that electric vehicles which are being driven in hotter climates may face quicker depletion than those driven in cooler temperatures. To combat this, many EVs include a liquid-cooling system which helps keep the temperature of the battery pack low. Some of the brands which include these systems in their vehicles are Tesla, BMW, Ford and Jaguar.
The way the battery is charged can also cause issues in the long term. Take the iPhone battery again, for example, as this can also have its capacity damaged by being excessively charged. The same applies to EV batteries, as excessive use of fast chargers can cause damage to the battery over time. This is due to DC chargers supplying power directly to the battery, which produces a lot of heat, which of course can damage the battery. This is one of the reasons why DC chargers can only charge your EV to 80%, as anything over this could potentially cause a lot of damage to the battery.
Knowing and understanding these facts is an extremely important part of driving an EV, as it allows you to properly look after your vehicle. It can help you ensure the longevity of the vehicle’s battery and features too. If the guidelines of not overusing DC chargers and other steps are followed, it’s understood that standard EV batteries can last for over one hundred thousand miles. This could soon be a drop in the ocean, however, as Tesla has announced they’re looking to produce batteries that can last for one million miles, which would be a truly incredible feat.